A Unique Wildlife Oasis Amidst the Cityscape

Zebras in front of the Nairobi skyline

Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, is renowned for its vibrant culture, bustling city life, and remarkable history. However, nestled within its urban landscape lies a natural wonder that sets Nairobi apart from other metropolitan areas around the world – Nairobi National Park. Established in 1946, Nairobi National Park is a testament to Kenya's commitment to conservation and its dedication to preserving its rich biodiversity.

Spanning approximately 117 square kilometers (45 square miles), this park is a captivating blend of untamed wilderness and cityscape, offering a unique opportunity to witness Africa's iconic wildlife against the backdrop of a modern metropolis. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the wonders of Nairobi National Park, the animals you can expect to see, its location, and the attractions nearby.

Location and Accessibility

The Park within the City

Nairobi National Park's remarkable feature is its proximity to the city center. Located just 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) south of Nairobi's central business district, the park's boundary is marked by the city's skyline, creating a stunning juxtaposition of urban life and natural beauty.


Access to Nairobi National Park is easy, making it an ideal destination for a day trip or a weekend getaway for both tourists and locals. Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport serves as the main point of entry for international visitors, and the park is a short drive from the city's various hotels, accommodations, and other amenities. From anywhere in Nairobi, an Uber will be available to pick you up and drop you off at the park.

The Wildlife of Nairobi National Park

Nairobi National Park may be small in size compared to Kenya's larger national parks and reserves, but it is teeming with a diverse range of wildlife that is truly remarkable. Here are some of the animals you can expect to encounter during your visit:


Nairobi National Park is famous for its thriving lion population, and spotting these majestic predators in the wild is a highlight for many visitors. The park's lions are known for their unique adaptation to city life, making them particularly fascinating subjects for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers.


The park is home to both black and white rhinoceroses, which are among the most endangered species on the planet. Nairobi National Park plays a crucial role in rhino conservation efforts, providing a safe haven for these magnificent creatures.

Two rhinos in Nairobi National Park


Rothschild's giraffes, one of the rarest giraffe subspecies, can be found in the park. Visitors have the opportunity to get up close to these gentle giants and even feed them at the Giraffe Centre within the park's boundaries.


Zebras roam freely in Nairobi National Park, showcasing their iconic black and white stripes against the backdrop of the savannah. Their distinctive presence adds to the park's unique charm.


While not as famous as those in the Maasai Mara, Nairobi National Park is home to a population of wildebeests. During the dry season, these animals can be spotted migrating within the park, creating an incredible spectacle.


Buffalo herds are a common sight in Nairobi National Park, and their massive presence is a testament to the park's role in conserving Kenya's native species.


Cheetahs, the fastest land animals on Earth, can be found in the park's grasslands. Watching these agile predators in action is an unforgettable experience.


The Athi Dam, a man-made reservoir within the park, is home to a population of hippos. Visitors can often spot these semi-aquatic mammals cooling off in the dam's waters.

Activities and Attractions Nearby

David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust

Located near the park's entrance, the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust is a renowned elephant orphanage that offers a unique opportunity to interact with baby elephants and learn about conservation efforts. Visitors can watch the elephants during their daily mud baths and feeding sessions.

Baby elephant being fed at Sheldrick Wildlife Trust

Nairobi Safari Walk

Adjacent to the park is the Nairobi Safari Walk, an educational attraction that provides insights into Kenya's diverse ecosystems and wildlife. It features boardwalks and viewing platforms, offering an up-close encounter with various animal species and birdlife.

Karen Blixen Museum

For literary enthusiasts, the Karen Blixen Museum, formerly the home of the famous Danish author of "Out of Africa," is a short drive from the park. It offers a glimpse into the colonial history of the region and the life of the author.

Nairobi National Museum

The Nairobi National Museum, located within the city, showcases Kenya's rich cultural heritage and natural history. It features exhibits on art, archaeology, paleontology, and ethnography, making it an ideal place to explore before or after visiting Nairobi National Park.

Conservation Efforts and Challenges

Nairobi National Park plays a vital role in Kenya's conservation efforts. However, its unique location also poses challenges, as the park is enclosed by a rapidly growing city. Urban development and infrastructure expansion threaten the park's boundaries and wildlife habitats. Conservation organizations, along with the Kenyan government, are working tirelessly to address these challenges and ensure the park's long-term survival.

Giraffe in Nairobi National Park

Visiting Tips and Guidelines

Guided Safaris

Consider joining a guided safari within Nairobi National Park. Knowledgeable guides can provide valuable insights into the park's wildlife, history, and conservation efforts.


Early mornings and late afternoons are the best times for wildlife sightings, as animals are most active during these hours. Sunrise and sunset safaris offer the best lighting conditions for photography.

Wildlife Etiquette

Respect the wildlife and adhere to park regulations, such as staying inside your vehicle at all times and maintaining a safe distance from animals. This ensures the safety of both visitors and wildlife.

Binoculars and Cameras

Carry binoculars and a camera with a telephoto lens to capture close-up shots of wildlife. The park's diverse birdlife also provides excellent opportunities for birdwatching.

Nairobi National Park stands as a testament to Kenya's commitment to conservation and the coexistence of nature and urban life. Its unique location within Nairobi's city limits offers a one-of-a-kind experience, allowing visitors to witness Africa's iconic wildlife against the backdrop of a modern metropolis.

With its thriving lion population, diverse range of animals, and essential role in rhino conservation, Nairobi National Park is a must-visit destination for wildlife enthusiasts, photographers, and anyone seeking a remarkable wildlife encounter. The park, along with nearby attractions like the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust and Nairobi Safari Walk, offers an enriching experience that combines education and adventure.

As you explore Nairobi National Park, you'll not only gain a deeper appreciation for Kenya's natural heritage but also witness the incredible efforts to protect and preserve it for generations to come. So, pack your safari gear, embark on a journey of discovery, and immerse yourself in the captivating world of Nairobi National Park.